What Is The Eu Turkey Agreement

The CONTROVERSIAL EU refugee deal with Turkey has been under way for two years. But there are still some problems, but the question of funding, in particular, is not yet fully resolved. Damascus and Moscow say the military operation aims to remove “terrorists” from the region, in accordance with a 2018 de-escalation agreement between Russia, Iran and Turkey. The 2016 Migration Agreement was a package comprising a migrant resettlement programme in the EU; Visa exemption for Turkish citizens in the Schengen area; modernisation of the EU-Turkey customs union; speeding up Turkey`s EU accession negotiations; and an indefinite provision on EU-Turkey cooperation to improve humanitarian conditions in Syria. Due to the reluctance of EU member states, only 25,000 Syrians have been relocated from Turkey to the 27-member bloc in the four years since the agreement came into force. While the Turkish government needed a public relations victory, it had deeper motivations for opening borders. Ankara said the measure would put pressure on the European Union to support its orientation in Idlib and to provide additional funds to Syrian refugees in Turkey. It also sought to force the EU to comply with its obligations under a March 2016 agreement by which Turkey limits the number of migrants entering Europe in exchange for refugee aid and other promises. The agreement also included promises to ease visa restrictions for Turkish citizens, revive Ankara`s EU accession negotiations and strengthen the customs union between the two sides. The Turkish government has argued that Brussels has not complied with the agreement on these issues, even though it has fully implemented itself. On Wednesday, the European Commission decided to make available the second tranche of 3 billion euros promised under the refugee agreement. In contrast, the Turkish government has said it has so far received 1.85 billion euros from the EU. Financial support from the EU Fund is provided to Turkey through projects.

Aid is not delivered to state coffers. Palabras clave: Migration, refugees, EU, Turkey, agreements, asylum, Greece, borders From 2016, the number of refugees entering Europe illegally via the Aegean Sea has decreased. Although the figures were much lower than in 2015, when the crisis began, Gerald Knaus, the master behind the refugee pact and president of the European Stability Initiative (ESI), sees the agreement under threat. According to Knaus, nearly 9,000 people arrived in Europe via the Aegean Sea in the first half of 2017, compared with 20,000 in the second half of the year. According to the European Commission, the number of refugees arriving in Greece via Turkey has decreased by 97% compared to the same period in the previous year. To understand, we need to rethink the foundations of the agreement. On paper, Turkey has pledged to resume all irregular arrivals that have reached Greek shores. In exchange, EU member states agreed to relocate one Syrian national for every Syrian repatriated to Turkey. The EU has also promised to speed up the process of liberalising the visa regime for Turkish citizens and to increase financial assistance for the reception of refugees in Turkey (3 billion euros, plus 3 billion euros a few months later). The message was clear: those who try to reach Greece would be sent back quickly, while those who waited patiently in Turkey would have the opportunity to replace them. In December 2013, following the signing of a readmission agreement, the EU began a dialogue with Turkey on visa liberalisation, which should include a “roadmap for visa-free travel”. [64] After the 2015 G20 summit in Antalya, Turkey, in November 2015, Turkey`s EU accession negotiations took a new initiative, including the goal of lifting the visa requirement for Turkish citizens.

[65] The EU welcomed Turkey`s commitment to accelerate the implementation of the benchmarks of the visa roadmap set by participating Member States

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